Background - Ring annuloplasty, the standard treatment for ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR), abolishes normal annular dynamics and freezes the posterior leaflet. We examined the impact of Paneth suture annuloplasty during acute IMR on motion of the mitral annulus and leaflets in an ovine model. Methods and Results - Eight sheep had radiopaque markers placed on the left ventricle, anterior mitral leaflet, posterior mitral leaflet, and mitral annulus. A Paneth suture annuloplasty that could be reversibly tightened was anchored to each fibrous trigone and externalized through the mid-lateral mitral annulus. Acute IMR was induced by proximal circumflex artery occlusion. Transesophageal echocardiography assessed the degree of IMR, and biplane cinefluoroscopy measured 3-dimensional marker coordinates before and during circumflex ischemia, and tightening of the Paneth suture. Paneth suture annuloplasty eliminated acute IMR, and reduced septal-lateral and commissure-commissure mitral annular dimensions. Tightening of the annuloplasty sutures, even beyond the degree necessary to eliminate mitral regurgitation (MR), did not reduce septal-lateral or commissure-commissure annular shortening, shortening of the muscular annular perimeter, annular flexion, or angular excursion of the anterior or posterior leaflets relative to ischemic conditions. Conclusions - In contrast to ring annuloplasty, annular reduction sufficient to restore mitral competence during acute IMR can be achieved with a Paneth suture annuloplasty while simultaneously maintaining normal annular and leaflet dynamic motion. These findings should prompt additional investigation and design of repair methods that preserve the mobility of the mitral apparatus.
|Published - Sep 9 2003
- Acute myocardial ischemia
- Ischemic mitral regurgitation
- Mitral repair
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)