Patients with upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma are usually best treated with nephroureterectomy. However, when possible, a nephron-sparing approach is desirable. Ureteroscopy has been successfully used for these patients, but at times this will not be possible due to anatomy or tumor volume. This chapter will review the indications for endoscopic management of upper tract transitional cell carcinoma, and when a percutaneous approach might be indicated. There are many competing factors that must be weighed when counseling our patients. We will also review the risks that are unique to the percutaneous approach.
- Transitional cell carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas