Pediatric Hospice and Palliative Care Services and Needs Across the Northwest United States

Jori F. Bogetz, Anne Anderson, Monica Holland, Robert Macauley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Context: Given workforce and funding constraints, pediatric hospice and palliative care clinicians often find challenges providing services for seriously ill children and families, particularly in low resource and rural/remote areas. Objectives: To describe the services, training, and education needs of pediatric hospice and palliative care programs across the Northwest United States as part of the formation of a new regional coalition. Methods: Electronic surveys were sent to pediatric hospice and palliative care clinicians through state organizations as part of an email invitation to join the Northwest Pediatric Palliative Care Coalition. Data were analyzed descriptively using univariate analysis. Results: Sixty-four participants representing 37 unique programs responded from seven states, including Washington (41%, n=27), Oregon (38%, n=25), Idaho (11%, n=7), Alaska (5%, n=3), Montana (3%, n=2), Colorado (2%, n=1), and Nevada (2%, n=1). Programs provided pediatric hospice care (42%, n=33/78) and palliative care services (30%, n=26/86). Although 26% (n=15/58) had been providing pediatric hospice and palliative care for >20 years, 40% (n=21/53) reported only serving <5 pediatric patients per year. Specific services provided included pediatric bereavement support (16%, n=37/231), telehealth (14%, n=33/231), and respite (10%, n=23/231). Barriers occurring always, often, or sometimes included lack of trained staff (84%), financial support (59%), and access to home infusions (48%). From the coalition, participants prioritized education on parent/caregiver psychosocial support (40%, n=19/48), goals of care communication (44%, n=21/48), and symptom management (45%, n=21/47). Conclusions: Pediatric hospice and palliative care clinicians face numerous barriers and may benefit from a coalition that provides networking and tailored education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e7-e14
JournalJournal of Pain and Symptom Management
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • Pediatric
  • burnout
  • coalition
  • complex care
  • hospice
  • palliative care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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