Pediatric plastic bronchitis: A case report and literature review

Patrick C. Angelos, Carol J. MacArthur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Plastic bronchitis is a rare condition characterized by inspissated endobronchial casts that can lead to respiratory distress and even death. We present a case of plastic bronchitis in a previously healthy two-year-old girl. Bronchoscopy revealed the characteristic inspissated endobronchial cast. With removal of the obstructive airway debris, her clinical condition rapidly improved. A review of the literature was performed to elucidate the etiology, pathogenesis, presentation, diagnosis, classification, and management of plastic bronchitis. Underlying etiologies include congenital heart disease, pulmonary disorders, and a few other conditions. Treatment includes rigid bronchoscopy with cast removal and treatment of the underlying condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-69
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology Extra
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2010


  • Fibrinous bronchitis
  • Pediatric
  • Plastic bronchitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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