Introduction: There are no large multi-institutional studies reporting on perioperative complications of hypospadias repairs. We sought to determine perioperative complications of hypospadias repairs from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatrics (NSQIP-P) to aid in patient counseling. Study design: This cohort study from 2012 to 2017 was conducted using NSQIP-P database. Pediatric patients undergoing hypospadias surgery were identified and compared based on 4 major categories: distal/midshaft repair, one-stage repair proximal, stage one repair, and stage two repair. Baseline demographics between the four groups and perioperative parameters were compared. Multivariable logistic regression analysis models including type of repair was used to determine associations with overall complications, infectious complications, and dehiscence. Discussion: There were 11,292 patients identified in the study population. Overall, 78% underwent distal/midshaft hypospadias repair, 12% underwent one-stage proximal repair, 1.4% underwent proximal first stage repair and 9% underwent proximal second stage repair. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that proximal first stage procedures had similar overall complications to distal/mid repairs but proximal one-stage and proximal second stage procedures were associated with significantly more overall complications, local infectious complications, and dehiscence. Age, race, operative time, prematurity were also independently associated with increased overall complications. As expected, complication rates are higher in those with proximal hypospadias. In staged hypospadias, first stage has a lower complication rate compared to second stage. All complications, especially of infectious and dehiscence are the highest in the one-stage proximal and proximal second stage repairs. Conclusion: We report large multi-institutional analysis of 30-day peri-operative hypospadias repair complications; this information is useful for patient counseling and education.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health