Practice Patterns in Retinopathy of Prematurity Treatment for Disease Milder Than Recommended by Guidelines

Mrinali Patel Gupta, R. V.Paul Chan, Rachelle Anzures, Susan Ostmo, Karyn Jonas, Michael F. Chiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Purpose To characterize the frequency of and clinical indications for which experts treat retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) milder than type 1 disease, the recommended threshold for treatment from established consensus guidelines. Design Descriptive analysis. Methods setting: Multicenter. study population: A database of 1444 eyes generated prospectively from all babies screened for ROP at 1 of 6 major ROP centers whose parents provided informed consent. intervention: Retrospective review of the database and charts to identify all patients treated for ROP milder than type 1. main outcome measure: Indication(s) for treatment. Results A total of 137 eyes of 70 infants were treated for ROP. Of these 137 eyes, 13 (9.5%) were treated despite a clinical diagnosis milder than type 1 ROP. Indications for treatment included active ROP with the fellow eye being treated for type 1 ROP (2 eyes, 15.4%); concerning structural changes (9 eyes, 69.2%), including tangential traction with temporal vessel straightening concerning for macular dragging (8 eyes, 61.5%) and thick stage 3 membranes with anteroposterior traction concerning for progression to stage 4 ROP (3 eyes, 23.1%); persistent ROP at an advanced postmenstrual age (4 eyes, 30.8%); and/or vitreous hemorrhage (3 eyes, 23.1%). Conclusions Experts in this study occasionally recommended treatment in eyes with disease less than type 1 ROP. This study has important clinical implications and highlights the role of individual clinical judgment in situations not covered by evidence-based treatment guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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