Predictors of emergency medical services use by adults with heart failure; 2009–2017

Susan J. Pressler, Miyeon Jung, Christopher S. Lee, Thomas P. Arkins, Daniel O'Donnell, Ryan Cook, Giorgos Bakoyannis, Robin Newhouse, Irmina Gradus-Pizlo, Peter S. Pang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background: Heart failure (HF) necessitates frequent transport by emergency medical services (EMS), but few studies have been conducted to evaluate predictors of EMS use and of multiple EMS transports that are amenable to intervention. Objectives: To characterize prehospital clinical status of community-dwelling adults with reported HF who used EMS across 8 years and to evaluate predictors of EMS use and multiple EMS transports. Methods: Data were from a database in a large Midwestern county. Descriptive statistics, logistic and negative binomial regression were used for analysis. Results: EMS transports were evaluated for 6582 adults with 16,905 transports. The most common chief complaints were respiratory problems, feeling sick, and chest pain. Shortness of breath, chest pain, level of consciousness, age, gender, race, and hospital site predicted multiple transports. Conclusions: Clinicians need to educate patients with HF about ways to manage shortness of breath and chest pain and when to activate EMS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)475-480
Number of pages6
JournalHeart and Lung
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020


  • Congestive heart failure
  • EMS
  • Emergency medical services
  • Heart failure
  • Symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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