Profile of presentation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection in North India, 2003-2007

S. Kumar, A. Wanchu, N. Abeygunasekera, A. Sharma, S. Singh, S. Varma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background: Clinico-epidemiological profile of the Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in India is varied and depends on multitude of factors including geographic location. We analyzed the characteristics of HIV-infected patients attending our Immunodeficiency Clinic to determine any changes in their profile over five years. Settings and Design: A retrospective observational study. Materials and Methods: The study sample included all patients with HIV infection from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2007. Diagnosis of HIV was made according to National AIDS Control Organization guidelines. Results: Of 3 067 HIV-infected patients, 1 887 (61.5%) were male and 1 180 (38.5%) were female patients. Mean age of patients was 35.1 9.0 years. Majority (91.8%) of patients were in the age group of 15 to 49 years. Progressively increasing proportion of female patients was noted from year 2004 onward. Median CD4 count at presentation in year 2003 was 197/l (Interquartile range [IQR] = 82.5-373) while in year 2007 it was 186.5/l (IQR = 86.3-336.8). Mean CD4 count of male patients was 203.7 169.4/l, significantly lower as compared with female patients, which was 284.8 223.3/l (P value 0.05). Every year, substantial proportions of patients presenting to clinic had CD4 count<200/l indicating advanced disease. Predominant route of transmission was heterosexual in 2 507 (81.7%) patients. Tuberculosis and oropharyngeal candidiasis were the most common opportunistic infections (OIs). Cryptococcal meningitis was the most common central nervous infection. Our patients had comparatively lower median CD4 counts at the time of presentation with various OIs. Conclusions: Patients had advanced stage of HIV infection at the time of presentation throughout five years. Females presented earlier during the course of HIV infection. There is need for early screening and increasing awareness in healthcare providers to make a diagnosis of HIV much sooner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-164
Number of pages7
JournalIndian Journal of Community Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Clinical profile
  • HIV
  • time trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Profile of presentation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection in North India, 2003-2007'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this