Properties of Ca 2+ transport in mitochondria of Drosophila melanogaster

Sophia Von Stockum, Emy Basso, Valeria Petronilli, Patrizia Sabatelli, Michael A. Forte, Paolo Bernardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


We have studied the pathways for Ca 2+ transport in mitochondria of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. We demonstrate the presence of ruthenium red (RR)-sensitive Ca 2+ uptake, of RR-insensitive Ca 2+ release, and of Na +-stimulated Ca 2+ release in energized mitochondria, which match well characterized Ca 2+ transport pathways of mammalian mitochondria. Following larger matrix Ca 2+ loading Drosophila mitochondria underwent spontaneous RR-insensitive Ca 2+ release, an event that in mammals is due to opening of the permeability transition pore (PTP). Like the PTP of mammals, Drosophila Ca 2+-induced Ca 2+ release could be triggered by uncoupler, diamide, and N-ethylmaleimide, indicating the existence of regulatory voltage- and redox-sensitive sites and was inhibited by tetracaine. Unlike PTP-mediated Ca 2+ release in mammals, however, it was (i) insensitive to cyclosporin A, ubiquinone 0, and ADP; (ii) inhibited by Pi, as is the PTP of yeast mitochondria; and (iii) not accompanied by matrix swelling and cytochrome c release even in KCl-based medium. We conclude that Drosophila mitochondria possess a selective Ca 2+ release channel with features intermediate between the PTP of yeast and mammals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41163-41170
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number48
StatePublished - Dec 2 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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