Representation of concussion subtypes in common postconcussion symptom-rating scales

Angela Lumba-Brown, Jamshid Ghajar, Jordan Cornwell, O. Josh Bloom, James Chesnutt, James R. Clugston, Raina Kolluri, John J. Leddy, Masaru Teramoto, Gerard Gioia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Aim: Postconcussion symptom-rating scales are frequently used concussion assessment tools that do not align directly with new expert, consensus-based concussion subtype classification systems. This may result in delays in concussion diagnosis, subspecialty referral and rehabilitative strategies. Objective: To determine the representation of subtype-directed symptomatology in common postconcussion symptom-rating scales. Methods: Literature review and expert consensus were used to compile commonly used concussion symptom-rating scales. Statistics were generated to describe the degree of representation of the consensus symptom set. Results: The percentage of symptoms representing each subtype/associated condition is low overall (15-26%). The ocular-motor (11%) and vestibular subtypes (19%) and cervical strain (5%)-associated condition were the most under-represented and also had the greatest unmet needs. Conclusion: Concussion subtypes do not have equal representation on commonly used concussion symptom-rating scales. There is a need for a subtype-directed symptom assessment to allow for increased accuracy of diagnosis and to guide management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberCNC65
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2019


  • concussion
  • oculomotor
  • postconcussion symptoms
  • vestibular

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Representation of concussion subtypes in common postconcussion symptom-rating scales'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this