Screening for depression in well older adults: Evaluation of a short form of the CES-D

E. M. Andresen, J. A. Malmgren, W. B. Carter, D. L. Patrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3837 Scopus citations


We derived and tested a short form of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) for reliability and validity among a sample of well older adults in a large Health Maintenance Organization. The 10-item screening questionnaire, the CESD-10, showed good predictive accuracy when compared to the full-length 20-item version of the CES-D (κ = .97, P < .001). Cutoff scores for depressive symptoms were ≥16 for the full-length questionnaire and ≥10 for the 10-item version. We discuss other potential cutoff values. The CESD-10 showed an expected positive correlation with poorer health status scores (r = .37) and a strong negative correlation with positive affect (r = -.63). Retest correlations for the CESD-10 were comparable to those in other studies (r = .71). We administered the CESD-10 again after 12 months, and scores were stable with strong correlation of r = .59.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-84
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of preventive medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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