Self-Directed Rater Training for Pediatric History and Physical Exam Evaluation (P-HAPEE) Rubric, a Validated Written H&P Assessment Tool

Marta A. King, Carrie A. Phillipi, Paula M. Buchanan, Linda O. Lewin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: We developed, revised, and implemented self-directed rater training materials in the course of a validity study for a written Pediatric History and Physical Exam Evaluation (P-HAPEE) rubric. Methods: Core training materials consist of a single-page instruction sheet, sample written history and physical (H&P), and detailed answer key. We iteratively revised the materials based on reviewer comments and pilot testing. Eighteen attending physicians and five senior residents underwent self-directed training, scored 10 H&Ps, and completed a rubric utility survey in the course of the validity study. We have since implemented the P-HAPEE rubric and self-directed rater training in a pediatric clerkship. Based on input from reviewers, study raters, faculty members, and medical student users, we have also developed and implemented additional optional supplemental training materials. Results: Pilot testing indicated that training takes approximately 1 hour. While reviewers endorsed the training format, several suggested having optional supplemental materials available. Nineteen out of 23 volunteer study raters completed the rubric utility survey. All described the rubric as good or very good and indicated strong to very strong interest in continued use. Discussion: The P-HAPEE rubric offers a novel, practical, reliable, and valid method for supervising physicians to assess pediatric written H&Ps and can be implemented using brief, self-directed rater training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10603
Number of pages1
JournalMedEdPORTAL : the journal of teaching and learning resources
StatePublished - Jul 21 2017


  • Assessment
  • Clinical Reasoning
  • Faculty Development
  • History and Physical
  • Medical Documentation
  • Self-Directed Training
  • Written Communication


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