Spontaneous echocardiographic contrast with the carbomedics mitral valve prosthesis

Shimon A. Reisner, Diana Rinkevich, Walter Markiewicz, Zvi Adler, Simcha Milo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Spontaneous echocardiographic contrast is a well-known, although poorly understood, phenomenon that has been occasionally noticed in patients with low flow states such as the echoes seen in the left atrium in patients with mitral valve disease,1 in the left ventricle in severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction2 or in the inferior vena cava of patients with constrictive pericarditis.3 There are rare reports on spontaneous contrast in patients with mechanical prosthetic mitral valves.4-6 Compared with the more common "smoke-like" contrast observed in low flow states, spontaneous echoes in patients with mechanical mitral prosthetic valves are bright and high velocity but scanty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1497-1500
Number of pages4
JournalThe American journal of cardiology
Issue number18
StatePublished - Dec 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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