Systematic Review of Self-Report Measures of Maternal Self-Efficacy

Atchareya Jiramanee, Martha Driessnack, Ellen Tilden

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Objective: To synthesize the literature to identify self-report measures used to assess maternal self-efficacy (MSE) among mothers of infants 0 to 1 year of age. Data Sources: OVID (MEDLINE), CINAHL, PsycINFO, Scopus, Google Scholar. Study Selection: We searched for research articles that included self-report measurement of MSE and were published from January 2000 to September 2021. We selected this time frame to focus on a contemporary context and to build on an earlier systematic review of self-report measures of self-efficacy in parents that captured a subset of MSE measures across a broader time period (1970–2016). Data Extraction: We extracted measures of MSE with descriptive details, including level of self-efficacy assessed (e.g., global, domain-specific, task-specific), concept(s) assessed, reliability, eligible age ranges, instrument origins, development, use, and translations. Data Synthesis: In many studies of MSE, researchers used measures not specifically designed for self-efficacy and instead used measures for closely related concepts such as confidence or competence. We identified only four measures that were used to assess MSE among mothers of infants. Among these, we found variation in the level of self-efficacy being measured and the intended age range. Importantly, we also found that measures of MSE were primarily validated for use within Western and/or English-speaking cultures/countries. Conclusion: We identified four instruments to measure MSE in mothers of infants, and each has strengths and weaknesses. Future researchers should focus on clear conceptual and operational alignment between MSE and its measurement; the development of an English, task-specific MSE measure; and further development and testing of measures of MSE outside of Western and/or English-speaking cultures/countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)491-501
Number of pages11
JournalJOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2022


  • maternal self-efficacy
  • measurement
  • mothers of infants
  • self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Critical Care
  • Maternity and Midwifery


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