Test-retest reliability in EEG frequency analysis

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211 Scopus citations


This study was performed to gain a better understanding of EEG frequency analysis test-retest reliability in normal healthy adults, and to evaluate factors which could influence the measured inter-record differences. Nineteen subjects underwent serial EEG recordings at 5 min and 12-16 week intervals. Records were visually edited using a standardized protocol, and FFT frequency analysis performed on segments of 60, 40, or 20 sec total length. Correlation coefficients for broad band features averaged 0.92 over the 5 min retest interval and 0.84 over the 12-16 week interval. There was essentially no difference between correlation coefficients of absolute and relative power features. Coefficients based on 60 sec records were marginally higher than those of 40 or 20 sec records. On the other hand, test-retest percent differences were typically lower for relative as opposed to absolute power features, and 60 sec records showed consistently lower percent differences than did 40 or particularly 20 sec records. Peak alpha frequency and mean frequency were the most stable EEG features at either interval. Montage had significant effects on test-retest differences at the 12-16 week interval. A significant association between intra-record and inter-record variability could not be demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)382-392
Number of pages11
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1991


  • EEG frequency analysis
  • Test-retest reliability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology


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