The development and comparative effectiveness of a patient-centered prostate biopsy report: a prospective, randomized study

Jasmir G. Nayak, Nicholas Scalzo, Alice Chu, Benjamin Shiff, James T. Kearns, Geolani W. Dy, Liam C. Macleod, Matthew Mossanen, William J. Ellis, Daniel W. Lin, Jonathan L. Wright, Lawrence D. True, John L. Gore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Purpose: The prostate biopsy pathology report represents a critical document used for decision-making in patients diagnosed with prostate cancer, yet the content exceeds the health literacy of most patients. We sought to create and compare the effectiveness of a patient-centered prostate biopsy report compared with standard reports. Materials and methods: Using a modified Delphi approach, prostate cancer experts identified critical components of a prostate biopsy report. Patient focus groups provided input for syntax and formatting of patient-centered pathology reports. Ninety-four patients with recent prostate biopsies were block randomized to the standard report with or without the patient-centered report. We evaluated patient activation, self-efficacy, provider communication skills, and prostate cancer knowledge. Results: Experts selected primary and secondary Gleason score and the number of positive scores as the most important elements of the report. Patients prioritized a narrative design, non-threatening language and information on risk classification. Initial assessments were completed by 87% (40/46) in the standard report group and 81% (39/48) in the patient-centered report group. There were no differences in patient activation, self-efficacy, or provider communication skills between groups. Patients who received the patient-centered report had significantly improved ability to recall their Gleason score (100% vs. 85%, p = 0.026) and number of positive cores (90% vs. 65%, p = 0.014). In total, 86% of patients who received the patient-centered report felt that it helped them better understand their results and should always be provided. Conclusions: Patient-centered pathology reports are associated with significantly higher knowledge about a prostate cancer diagnosis. These important health information documents may improve patient-provider communication and help facilitate shared decision-making among patients diagnosed with prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-150
Number of pages7
JournalProstate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology
  • Cancer Research


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