The impact of tumor epithelial and microenvironmental heterogeneity on treatment responses in HER2+ breast cancer

Michalina Janiszewska, Shayna Stein, Otto Metzger Filho, Jennifer Eng, Natalie L. Kingston, Nicholas W. Harper, Inga H. Rye, Maša Alečković, Anne Trinh, Katherine C. Murphy, Elisabetta Marangoni, Simona Cristea, Benjamin Oakes, Eric P. Winer, Ian E. Krop, Hege G. Russnes, Paul T. Spellman, Elmar Bucher, Zhi Hu, Koei ChinJoe W. Gray, Franziska Michor, Kornelia Polyak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Despite the availability of multiple human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-targeted (HER2- targeted) treatments, therapeutic resistance in HER2+ breast cancer remains a clinical challenge. Intratumor heterogeneity for HER2 and resistance-conferring mutations in the PIK3CA gene (encoding PI3K catalytic subunit α) have been investigated in response and resistance to HER2- targeting agents, while the role of divergent cellular phenotypes and tumor epithelial-stromal cell interactions is less well understood. Here, we assessed the effect of intratumor cellular genetic heterogeneity for ERBB2 (encoding HER2) copy number and PIK3CA mutation on different types of neoadjuvant HER2-targeting therapies and clinical outcome in HER2+ breast cancer. We found that the frequency of cells lacking HER2 was a better predictor of response to HER2-targeted treatment than intratumor heterogeneity. We also compared the efficacy of different therapies in the same tumor using patient-derived xenograft models of heterogeneous HER2+ breast cancer and singlecell approaches. Stromal determinants were better predictors of response than tumor epithelial cells, and we identified alveolar epithelial and fibroblastic reticular cells as well as lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor 1-positive (Lyve1+) macrophages as putative drivers of therapeutic resistance. Our results demonstrate that both preexisting and acquired resistance to HER2-targeting agents involve multiple mechanisms including the tumor microenvironment. Furthermore, our data suggest that intratumor heterogeneity for HER2 should be incorporated into treatment design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere147617
JournalJCI Insight
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 8 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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