Right ventricular (RV) failure is a key determinant of morbidity and mortality in pulmonary hypertension (PH). The present study aims to add to existing descriptions of RV structural and functional changes in PH through a comprehensive three-dimensional (3D) shape analysis. We performed 3D echocardiography on 53 subjects with PH and 19 normal subjects. Twenty short-axis slices from apex to tricuspid centroid were measured to characterize regional shape: apical angle, basal bulge, eccentricity, and area. Transverse shortening was assessed by fractional area change (FAC) in each short-axis slice, longitudinal contraction was assessed by tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and global function by RV ejection fraction. Multivariate logistic analysis was used to compare the association of RV parameters with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class. Compared to normal, RV function in PH is characterized by decreased stroke volume index (SVi), fractional area change and ejection fraction. Increased eccentricity, apical rounding and bulging at the base characterize the shape of the RV in PH. Increased SVi, ejection fraction and mid-ventricular FAC were associated with less severe NYHA class in adjusted analyses. The RV in idiopathic PH (iPAH) was observed to have a larger end-diastolic volume and decreased function compared with connective tissue disease associated PH (ctd-PH). This work describes increased eccentricity and decreased systolic function in subjects with PH. Functional parameters were associated with NYHA class and heterogeneity in the phenotype was noted between subjects with iPAH and ctd-PH.
- 3D echocardiography
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Right ventricle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine