Thyroid Disorders: Evaluation and Management of Thyroid Nodules

James I. Cohen, Kelli D. Salter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Although thyroid nodules are a common clinical entity, few (5% to 10%) are malignant and require surgical treatment. Most nodules are discovered incidentally in patients undergoing surveillance for medical reasons unrelated to thyroid disorders. Therefore, a systematic approach to their evaluation is important to avoid unnecessary surgery. High-resolution ultrasonography and fine-needle aspiration have resulted in substantial improvements in diagnostic accuracy, cost reductions, and higher malignancy yield at the time of surgery. In this article, the authors present practical guidelines and a suggested management strategy for the effective diagnosis and management of incidentally discovered thyroid nodules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-443
Number of pages13
JournalOral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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