Transarterial Delivery of a Biodegradable Single-Agent Theranostic Nanoprobe for Liver Tumor Imaging and Combinatorial Phototherapy

Olena R. Taratula, Oleh Taratula, Xiangjun Han, Younes Jahangiri, Yuki Tomozawa, Masahiro Horikawa, Barry Uchida, Hassan A. Albarqi, Canan Schumann, Shay Bracha, Tetiana Korzun, Khashayar Farsad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Purpose: To assess selective accumulation of biodegradable nanoparticles within hepatic tumors after transarterial delivery for in vivo localization and combinatorial phototherapy. Materials and Methods: A VX2 hepatic tumor model was used in New Zealand white rabbits. Transarterial delivery of silicon naphthalocyanine biodegradable nanoparticles was performed using a microcatheter via the proper hepatic artery. Tumors were exposed via laparotomy, and nanoparticles were observed by near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging. For phototherapy, a handheld NIR laser (785 nm) at 0.6 W/cm2 was used to expose tumor or background liver, and tissue temperatures were assessed with a fiberoptic temperature probe. Intratumoral reactive oxygen species formation was assessed using a fluorophore (2′,7′-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate). Results: Nanoparticles selectively accumulated within viable tumor by NIR fluorescence. Necrotic portions of tumor did not accumulate nanoparticles, consistent with a vascular distribution. NIR-dependent heat generation was observed with nanoparticle-containing tumors, but not in background liver. No heat was generated in the absence of NIR laser light. Reactive oxygen species were formed in nanoparticle-containing tumors exposed to NIR laser light, but not in background liver treated with NIR laser or in tumors in the absence of NIR light. Conclusions: Biodegradable nanoparticle delivery to liver tumors from a transarterial approach enabled selective in vivo tumor imaging and combinatorial phototherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1480-1486.e2
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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