Transcriptional changes in human palate and skin healing

Trevor R. Leonardo, Lin Chen, Megan E. Schrementi, Junhe Shi, Phillip T. Marucha, Kimberly Glass, Luisa A. DiPietro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Most human tissue injuries lead to the formation of a fibrous scar and result in the loss of functional tissue. One adult tissue that exhibits a more regenerative response to injury with minimal scarring is the oral mucosa. We generated a microarray gene expression dataset to examine the response to injury in human palate and skin excisional biopsies spanning the first 7 days after wounding. Differential expression analyses were performed in each tissue to identify genes overexpressed or underexpressed over time when compared to baseline unwounded tissue gene expression levels. To attribute biological processes of interest to these gene expression changes, gene set enrichment analysis was used to identify core gene sets that are enriched over the time-course of the wound healing process with respect to unwounded tissue. This analysis identified gene sets uniquely enriched in either palate or skin wounds and gene sets that are enriched in both tissues in at least one time point after injury. Finally, a cell type enrichment analysis was performed to better understand the cell type distribution in these tissues and how it changes over the time course of wound healing. This work provides a source of human wound gene expression data that includes two tissue types with distinct regenerative and scarring phenotypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-170
Number of pages15
JournalWound Repair and Regeneration
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023


  • genomics
  • oral mucosa
  • palate
  • skin
  • wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology


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