Using family members as gamete donors or surrogates

Paula Amato, Robert Brzyski, Andrea Braverman, Jean Benward, Andrea Stein, Bonnie Steinbock, Bruce Wilder, Richard Reindollar, Dolores Lamb, John Robertson, Judith Daar, Leslie Francis, Mark Gibson, Senait Fisseha, Steven Ralston, Mark Sauer, Monique Spillman, Robert Rebar, Sean Tipton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The use of intrafamilial gamete donors and surrogates is generally ethically acceptable when all participants are fully informed and counseled, but arrangements that replicate the results of true consanguineous or incestuous unions should be prohibited, child to parent arrangements are generally unacceptable, and parent to child arrangements are acceptable in limited situations. Programs that choose to participate in intrafamilial arrangements should be prepared to spend additional time counseling participants and ensuring that they have made free, informed decisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)797-803
Number of pages7
JournalFertility and sterility
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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