When to request immunofluorescence: Practical hints

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


This review highlights important considerations in obtaining good skin biopsy specimens to optimize results of direct immunofluorescence (IF) studies and also summarizes the various patterns of cutaneous IF deposition and their associated diagnoses. IF findings of immunobullous diseases, lupus erythematosus, vasculitis, lichen planus, and erythema multitorme are included. The uses of indirect IF studies are also reviewed including newer modifications that are valuable in helping to diagnose epidermolysis bullosa acquisita and paraneoplastic pemphigus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-42
Number of pages7
JournalSeminars in cutaneous medicine and surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology


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